It is a segment of electronics which basically deals with the signals that are varying continuously unlike digital electronics which deals with discrete signals. The use of analog electronics is vast starting from radio to audio equipment to applications in the sensory equipment and in A/D or D/A converters. Though the world nowadays shifting towards digital instruments but at the very core of those instrument lies the devices that are analog by nature. Hence, understanding the fundamentals of analog electronics is necessary to progress in higher technology.So, our experts in dreamassignemnt.com segmented the huge syllabus of analog electronics into several efficient small segments that are given below.

**Types of signals and processing of signals**

A sign which contains instruction or information transmitted in the form of electrical impulses through radio waves is called a signal. A signal can be primarily of two types, voltage or current are applied to some sort of circuitry and then the resulting signals in the same or in some other form is measured. So, the applied signal is known as the input signal and the resultant signal is known as the output signal. The circuits or the systems in which the signal are applied are of different types like.

**Linear system**

Evaluated by superposition, Thevenin’s, Norton’s theorem.

**Nonlinear system**

Evaluated by graphical or power series approximation, computer based linearization.

1. Signal types: Sinusoidal, square, saw toothed, triangle signals etc.

2. Phasor representation of signals

3. The addition of sinusoidal signals

4. Simple RLC networks

5. Sinusoidal response to R-C network

6. Sinusoidal response to R-L network

7. Calculation of decibel of signals

8. Representation of Bode plots of signals

9. Step responses of RC & RL circuits

10. Pulse responses of RC & RL circuits

11. Waveforms and frequency spectra

**Frequency and time domains of Fourier transforms**

1. Different measures of waveform

2. Average power

3. Root mean square

4. Peak value

5. Standard deviation and variance

**Noise of random signals**

1. Thermal noise ( also known as Johnson noise)

2. Shot noise

3. Flicker or excessive noise ( technically 1/f noise)

4. Galactic noise

5. Noise temperature, Noise figure & Signal to Noise ratio (S/N ratio)

**Feedback and amplifiers**

1. Decibels and gains

2. Frequency response

3. Input and output impedance

4. Operation amplifiers

**Negative feedback and voltage follower circuit of Op-Amp**

1. Input impedance

2. Output impedance

**Non-inverting Op-Amp**

1. Gain bandwidth product

2. Input impedance

3. Output impedance

4. Stability in negative and positive

5. Inverting op-amp

6. Offsets of an amplifier

**Amplifier Noise**

1. Noise factor

2. Power density spectra

3. Input noise resistance equivalence

**Op-amp signal processing**

1. Instrumentation amplifiers

2. Inverting summing amplifiers

3. Non- inverting summing amplifiers

4. Integrators

**Step response of integrators**

1. Frequency response of integrators

2. Charge amplifiers

3. Precision rectifiers

**Diode circuits and transistors**

1. Semiconductor diodes

2. Characteristics of diode

3. BJT parameter and characteristics

4. Simple amplifier circuit

5. Non-linear npn transistor model

6. Calculation of mutual conductance

7. The hybrid-π equivalent circuit of npn transistor

**Biased circuits**

1. Stability of operating point

2. Bias circuit of shunt feedback system

3. Bias circuit of potential-divider

4. Noise

5. Field effect transistor(FET)

6. Junction Field effect transistor(FET)

7. Insulated-gate field effect transistor(IGFET)

8. CMOS

**Op-Amp Circuit design**

1. Op-amp structure

2. Input stage differential-pair

3. The second and output stage

4. Push and pull output stages

5. Constant-current sources

6. Rail rejection and temperature compensation

7. Output resistance

8. Common mode rejection ratio (CMRR)

9. Frequency response

10. Slew rate

**Op amps integrated circuit**

1. Bipolar

2. FET and CMOS

3. Bipolar FET and Bipolar CMOS

**Radio-frequency op amps**

1. Voltage feedback Amplifiers

2. Current feedback amplifiers

3. Video amplifiers

**A/D and D/A conversion**

1. Quantization

2. Sampling

3. Analog comparators

4. Schmitt trigger

5. The flash converter

**A/D converters using D/A conversion**

1. The counter ramp A/D converter

2. A/D converter consecutive approximation

3. One slope A/D converter

4. Integrating A/D converter

**Double slope A/D converter**

1. Over-sampling converter or sigma-delta converters

2. Digital to analog converters

3. Design of summing current converters using scaled resistors

4. Current summing converter design using R-2R network

5. Pulse modulating D/A converters

6. Errors associated with A/D or D/A converters

**Audio-frequency type power amplifier**

1. Total harmonic distortion and Fourier analysis of power amplifier

2. Structure of power amplifier

3. Circuit design and frequency compensation

**Stages of output: the double emitter follower**

1. Biasing of diode

2. The multiplier VBE

3. Class A and Class B operation

4. Emitter resistor

5. Protection of short-circuit

6. Stability of Quiescent current

7. Distortion effect

**Stages of output with compound transistor (‘super-β’ pairs)**

1. Darlington pair

2. Sziklai pair

**Output stages of a FET**

**Radio commutation techniques**

1. Modulation and demodulation

2. Turned radio frequency amplifier

3. Transmitted radio frequency amplifier

**Amplitude modulation**

1. Full amplitude modulator circuits

2. Full amplitude signal spectrum

3. Demodulation of full amplitude: the envelope detector

4. Double-sideband suppressed-carrier AM (DSBSC)

5. Single sideband AM(SSB)

6. Vestigial sideband modulation

**Frequency modulation and demodulation**

1. The varactor tuned oscillator

2. The spectrum of frequency modulation

3. Carson’s rule

4. FM bandwidth calculation

5. Complex modulating signals

**Demodulation of FM signals**

1. The ratio detector

2. The phase locked loop

**Schemes of digital modulation**

1. Amplitude shift keying (ASK)

2. Frequency shift keying(FSK)

3. Phase shift keying(PSK)

4. Quadrature amplitude modulation(QAM)

5. Noise performance

**Receivers**

1. Tuned radio frequency receiver

2. Superhet receiver

**Filters**

1. A simple LCR filter

**TYPES OF RESONANCE**

**Implementation of filter**

1. Passive filters

2. Active filters

3. Surface acoustic wave filters

4. Active filter analysis

a) Infinite gain multiple feedback configuration ( high pass, low pass and band pass filter)

b) Voltage controlled voltage source implementation

c) State variable or biquad implementation of filter

**Filter design**

1. Frequency scaling

2. Impedance scaling

**Switched capacitor filter**

1. Basic switched capacitor structure

2. Switched capacitor integrated circuit

3. Double pole throw switch

**Generation of signal**

1. Barkhousen oscillation criterion

2. Oscillatory circuits

3. The phase locked loops

4. Frequency synthesis

**Interconnections**

1. Transmission line

2. Interconnections and interference

3. Optical fibres

Our experts also provide different software solutions (PSPICE, Multisim and LTspice) of the analog electronic circuits including the above topics within very short amount of time. So, if you need any help with your analog electronics assignments, don’t think twice just post your problem in our website, you’ll be provided the detailed solution well before your specified time.